Danube Virtual Museum

Nature Park "Begečka Jama"

Nature Park "Begečka Jama", located on the left bank of the Danube near the village of Begeč, includes a approximate 7.8 km long (1276.2 to 1284 rkm) wetland between Bačka Palanka and Novi Sad. The protected area contains a number of geomorphologic types of fluvial erosion - islands, beams, oxbow lakes and still waters, created mutually by fluvial erosion and reclamation. These types are from different ages and in accordance with that, the mosaic of wetland habitats is also at different stages of vegetation succession of the floodplains. The survival of this phenomenon is caused by the natural dynamics of flooding.

The area is dominated by Begečka Jama - a fluvial lake which is connected to the Danube via Begej canal and has a permanent presence of water. It is an extremely important torus for numerous types of Danube fish and the reproductive center for amphibians of the wider area.

Rich diversity of flora

Its rich diversity of flora is reflected in the presence of 125 taxons of higher plants (122 species and 3 sub-species). The species that are listed on the Red List of Serbian flora are Black Hawthorn (Crataegus nigra) and Summer Snowflake (Leucojum aestivum). Highly protected species are White Lotus (Nymphaea albа) and Longleaf Pondweed (Potamogeton nodosus).

Rich spezia diversity of fauna:

Invertebrates:

Dragonflies (Epitheca bimaculata, Gomphus flavipes) – protected species;

Reptiles:

Aesculapian snake (Zamenis longissimus), natrix (Natrix natrix), European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis)- highly protected species;

Amphibians:

AMPHIBIANS: Smooth newt (Lissotriton vulgaris), great crested newt (Triturus cristatus), Danube crested newt (Triturus dobrogicus), European fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina), European toad (Bufo bufo), green toad (Pseudepidalea viridis), European tree frog (Hyla arborea) – strictly protected species.

Fish:

Pike (Esox lucius), asp (Aspius aspius), bream (Abramis brama), white bream (Blicca bjoerkna), common carp (Cyprinus carpio), European perch (Perca fluviatilis), wels catfish (Silurus glanis) - protected species;

Birds:

Little grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis), great crested grebe (Podiceps cristatus), pygmy cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus), white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), great egret (Casmerodius albus), ferruginous duck (Aythya nyroca), northern lapwing (Vanellus vanellus), gallinago (Gallinago gallinago), common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) – highly protected species; mute swan (Cygnus olor), common pochard (Aythya ferina), garganey (Anas querquedula) – protected species.

Mammals:

European otter (Lutra lutra) – highly protected species; northern white-breasted hedgehog (Erinaceus roumanicus), European mole (Talpa europaea), water vole (Arvicola tererestris), European polecat (Mustela putorius), least weasel (Mustela nivalis), European badger (Meles meles) – protected species.

 

There are 17 types of habitats in the area of Begečka Jama that have been allocated for priority protection. The most important types are: white willow (Salix alba), white poplar (Populus alba), black poplar (Populus nigra), almond willow (Salix triandra) and hornworts sp. (Ceratophyllum sp.) and watermilfoil (Myriophyllum sp.) of eutrophic standing waters.

Nature Park "Begečka Jama"

(Text: Institute for Nature Conservation of Vojvodina Province)