Danube Virtual Museum

Birds

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

This duck is a regular nesting bird of flooded area and forests along the Danube. However, the largest number of these birds is during the winter, when huge flocks of wandering mallards run on a wide and quiet area of the Danube, which is the last to freeze, thus providing shelter and food. Sometimes, a number of mallards can exceed 70,000 and the most important section is from the mouth of the Velika Morava to Golubac.

Wild Goose (Anser anser)

This bird nests in marshes and wetlands in Vojvodina. The number of nesting pairs of geese, also known as Dunavka, is estimated to be up to about 150 pairs, with an increasing tendency. The number of these birds can multiply in the winter and reach up to 12,000 when the birds flock to the Danube from the north. The highest number on the Danube was recorded at Dubrovački marsh.

Pygmy cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus)

This piscivorous bird is very rare in the world, but not in the Serbian part of the Danube! Although the number of nesting colonies had decreased to only two breeding colonies, their numbers recently increased. Especially important is their appearance during the winter, when up to 7,000 birds gather at the 'Ušće' (confluence) in Belgrade. These birds feed during the day on the Danube River and nearby unfrozen ponds, while in the evening they gather in flocks and spend the night in willow trees.

Little Egret - Small white heron (Egretta garzetta)

This type of heron is migratory and spends its winters in Africa. Except for nesting, it uses the Danube as a corridor during the spring and autumn migrations. Due to the drying up of swamps and wetlands and habitat loss, this species is endangered, as well as all the other birds nesting in these areas. However, thanks to the construction of ponds, the abundance of this species is now estimated at 800 pairs.


White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)

The White-tailed Eagle is a typical bird of prey of floodplain forest. It places nests high up in the trees found along major waterways such as the Danube and the Tisa. The White-tailed Eagle is a highly endangered species – the number of breeding pairs in Serbia is estimated at about 55. It feeds on fish and other birds that it manages to catch on the river or nearby ponds.

(Text: Natural History Museum in Belgrade)

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