Danube Virtual Museum

Kladovo – Roman Fortress

In Kladovo, at the place of Kladovo shipyard (site Carine/Butorke), near the Kladovo medieval fortress (Fetislam) on the bank of the Danube, there was a well-fortified late Roman/early Byzantine position from the 6th century (46 h 46 m) with four equal circular two-floor towers at the corners (R. 3.20 m), and a rectangular tower (5.50 h 3.20 m) in the middle with one gate.

In its center there was a small, older square structure (burgus), measuring 18.5 x 19.0 m, with strong walls and four pillars made of brick and cut stone supporting a high, distinctive tower in the center of this area.

In the course of the research (Project Đerdap) two very important epigraphic monuments (one being a royal monument) were discovered at this site, used here as a construction material.

The text of the imperial inscription is carved in a rectangular marble slab measuring 183 x 0.90x 0.28 m. Based on the content, we know that the epitaph was placed by the Emperor Diocletian, when traveling to Nicomedia, between 294-299/300.

This inscription has been exhibited in a HPP Đerdap I complex since it was discovered, before the Archaeological Museum of Đerdap was established.
The other and older inscription, also in Latin, is carved in a massive rectangular block of white marble, measuring 2.10 X 0.80 x 0.34 m. Although broken into two parts that meet, the inscription is perfectly preserved. Tabula ansata, an embossed relief frames the text saying that ... the prominent citizen ... patron of the Hadrian municipium Drobeta / Drobeta ..., with his own funds restored a damaged crypt (in the time of Hadrian).

This inscription is exhibited in the lapidarium of the Archaeological Museum of Đerdap in Kladovo.

Around the fort, there is a prehistoric settlement (upstream) and late Roman necropolis (to the south).

The site was submerged in 1972.

Litеrаture

Ј. (Rаnkоv) Kоndić (text in preprint); А.C.Kuzmаnоvić, Rimskо utvrđеnjе kоd Klаdоvа, Stаrinаr, N.S. XXVIII-XXIX (1977/1978), 127-134.

(Text: National Museum in Belgrade – Archaeological Museum Đerdap)