Danube Virtual Museum

Brza Palanka / Egeta

Roman Egeta was mentioned rather early in sources-itineraries, as a pre-Roman settlement and a station on the Danube.

Three military positions, in various locations and from different eras well connected by roads, were recorded under this name. At the Crkveni Potok site on the right bank, the oldest Roman fortress, area up to 2 hectares (TI, I-II/III century) was discovered; on the left, a late Roman (TII, fourth century) irregular square-base fortress; to the north, there was an early Byzantine fortress, probably triangular in shape (TIII, VI century). Detachments of the legions VII Claudia, XIII Gemina, auxiliary unit I Cretum and a fleet Histrica were located in the fortresses. Significant agglomeration, a pier and a necropolis evolved over time at the foot of the mountain Miroč along roads on this bank of the Danube. In the settlement, thermae were discovered (II-IV century) as well as remains of Jupiter Dolichenus temple rich in gifts, which was, according to the inscription, built by Cohors I Cretum in the early third century (and all the finds and sculptures are located in the Museum of Krajina in Negotin).

The sites on the coast and the village Stara Brza Palanka have been submerged.

Some of the newer finds, from different epochs, are exhibited at the Archaeological Museum of Đerdap in Kladovo, as well as a beautiful, parade, equestrian helmet, dating back to the (I/II) II/III centuries.

Litеrаture

Ј. (Rаnkоv) Kоndić (tеxt in preprint); results of the research of this site, see P. Pеtrоvić, u:Đеrdаpskе svеskе/Cahiers des Portes de Fer/CPF/, II/1984 i III/1986.

(Text: National Museum in Belgrade – Archaeological Museum Đerdap)

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