Danube Virtual Museum

Roman God Mercury

Title: Roman God Mercury
Site: Diana / Statio Cataractarum Diana
Location/Region: Кladovo
Chrolonology: 1 AD - 500
Museum: National Museum in Belgrade - Archeological Museum of Đerdap
Country: Serbia
Period: Roman Limes: Julio-Claudian
Epoch: Roman
Culture: Early Roman
Closer Dating: First half of the First Century
Material: Bronze
Dimensions: H 14 cm
Production Technique: Molding
Bibliography: Ј. (Rankov) Kondić (processing, cat. collection in the prepress); Ј. (Rankov) Kondić in: Archeological Museum of Iron Gate/Đerdap (Belgrade, 1996), cat. А16; Ј. Кondić, STATIO CATARACTARUM DIANA: The Imperial Portrait Statue of Mercury, Collection Н.М. XVI-1, Belgrade 1996, 153-160, T.I-VIII (resume: STATIO CATARACTARUM DIANA: The Imperial Portrait Statue of Mercury).


Perfectly proportioned, with refined lines and noble posture, wearing a richly pleated mantle, the Mercury from Diane, with style and artistic characteristics of the Julio-Claudian epoch, also comparable with eminent figures of princes and emperors of the period (identified as Caligula?, 37-41. years), is one of the most beautifully modeled, small bronze sculpture - a true rarity, with a distinctive, mandatory attributes, which determine his divine identity and place it among the ''fixed'' type: a cap on his head/petasos, sandals with wings, three horned leather bag full of money/marsupium in one hand, and mace with snakes wrapped (missing) in the other hand.

Early Roman fortress Diana/Stacio Cataractarum Diana-fortress T I /сastrum I (Кarataš-Novi Sip): systematic archeological research and excavation 1987 (Đerdap II Project, J. (Rankov) Kondić).